The Rite of Christian
Initiation of Adults (RCIA)
The process for becoming a Roman Catholic
The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults
(RCIA) names the process by which interested persons
gradually become members of the Catholic Church.
The R.C.I.A. is primarily a journey of faith:
From the awareness of stirring of faith
and curiosity within one's heart,
Through all those stages of asking and seeking,
to a life of faith, love, and justice in
communion with Catholics throughout the world.
Through beginning involvement with Catholic people,
Through hearing the Gospel proclaimed and by faithful reflection and prayer on this Word
Through study and discussion about the Catholic experience,
Through doubts and hesitations,
Through involvement in the works of charity and justice with those already committed to
the Catholic way of life,
Through discernment of God's call for them as individuals,
Through the steps of commitment,
Tthrough the Sacraments of Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist)
Conversion, a gradual process
The R.C.I.A. as a rite, marks stages along the path to full commitment in the
Catholic Church; the R.C.I.A. as a process, describes in broad terms what this
gradual commitment means.
The R.C.I.A. as formation process looks both to the gradual inner transformation of
the individual to God's call as given week by week in the Lectionary of Scripture readings
at the Sunday Eucharist, and to the gradual transformation of the person into an active
member of the local faith community.
The R.C.I.A. is divided into five
The Period of Inquiry (Pre-Catechumenate)
The Period of Inquiry has as its purpose a time
to become acquainted with the Catholic Church and
to hear the good news of salvation from Jesus Christ our Savior;
it is a time to look within at one's own life story and see connections to, or needs
for, the gospel story of good news.
During this period, the gospel of Jesus is proclaimed, and Inquirers look within their
own story to make and mark connections. All discussions are done in small groups of
Inquirers and Catechumenate Team members. No commitment is necessary. This reflective
process becomes a continuing, on-going method used by Inquirer and team member alike.
This period lasts as long as the Inquirer needs it to last, from a few months to
several years, if necessary. During this period, some may decide that this is not the
right time for them to consider membership in the Catholic Church, either because of their
own life circumstances or because they feel some other Tradition is better for them.
The R.C.I.A., generically called the Catechumenate, is a
responsibility of the whole Church; this responsibility takes particular shape mainly in
parishes, the normal locus of Catholic community life. In view of this commitment and
obligation of the Church, we provide an outreach person for each person who presents
himself or herself as an Inquirer; these church-provided Sponsors will serve as spiritual
companions as they seek to discover God's call.
The Period of The Catechumenate
The Period of the Catechumenate embodies the first stages of commitment leading to full
membership. For a person to enter this phase, s/he must already have come to faith in
Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior and sincerely desire to become members of the
The beginning of this period is marked with a Rite of Welcoming at the Sunday liturgy.
During this phase, the Catechumens now gather with the Catholic community on Sundays for
the first part of the mass, during which, together, we hear the Scriptures, respond to
them, and reflect on the meaning of God's Word for us personally and as community through
the homily. After the homily, the Catechumens are Sent Forth and, with their Faith Sharer,
continue a process of reflection and application of the Scriptures to their own lives.
During this period, the initial conversion is deepened and appropriated; the Catechumen
comes to know more and more deeply the love of God in his/her own life and in the midst of
the church community. This period, too, lasts as long as the person needs it to last, from
a few months to several years, if necessary.
For the unbaptized, this phase must normally last at least 12 months.
The Period of Purification and Enlightenment
The Period of Purification and Enlightenment corresponds to that time known in the
Catholic Church as Lent. The six-weeks of preparation for Easter are prayerful time for
catechumens and candidates, who are now known as the Elect, as they prepare to become full
members of the Catholic Church and are established as such by the Sacraments of
This period is begun on the First Sunday of Lent by the Rite of Sending at the local
parish. The Catechumens sign their names in the Book of the Elect and are sent to the Rite
of Election. The Rite of Election is usually celebrated at the Cathedral Church with the
diocesan bishop. By this Rite the Church acknowledges that the Elect have been chosen
(elected) by God and that they are accepted as candidates for the Easter Sacraments by the
bishop, representing the fact that this decision is not theirs alone.
Throughout Lent, special prayers are offered at the Sunday Eucharist for the Elect; they
are called Scrutinies. These are prayers for a strengthening in grace and virtue, for
purification from all past evil, and for freedom from any bonds which hinder them from
experiencing the love of God. Throughout this period, the Elect are invited to join with
the whole Church in a deeper practice of works of charity and in the practice of fasting.
During this period, the weekly reflection on the Scriptures continues; the readings of
Lent were chosen with the themes of continuing conversion in mind. Toward the end of this
period, the Church continues the custom of "handing over" to the Elect the Creed
(the summary of our faith) and the Lord's Prayer (which represents its practice of
continuing prayer after the command of Jesus who taught us to pray.)
Celebrating the Sacraments of Initiation
The Sacraments of Initiation are celebrated at the Easter Vigil, an extended night-watch
of prayer, singing and listening to the Word of God
By the waters of Baptism, a person passes into the new life of grace and becomes a
member of the Body of Christ.
In Confirmation, anointing with special holy oil called chrism seals (confirms) the
initiation by the power of the Holy Spirit, and participation at the Table of the Lord in
the Eucharist marks full membership in the Catholic Church.
The Period of Mystagogy offically lasts from Easter Sunday until the completion of the
Easter season, fifty days later on Pentecost Sunday, and completes the initiation process.
Those who have just shared in the Sacraments of Initiation are now called Neophytes.
During this period of Easter joy, they reflect on what they have just experienced, and
look to the future as to how they can now share in the mission of Christ, who came to
bring salvation and life to the whole world. This period of time reminds the whole Church
that life in Christ constantly calls us to grow and to look for new ways to live the life
of grace, personally and together in community. In reality, Mystagogy lasts for the rest
of our lives.
Catechumen or Candidate?
By means of the processes described in the document, R.C.I.A., interested non-baptized
persons become Catechumens, and Catechumens become full members of the Catholic Church by
means of Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist, which are referred to as the Sacraments of
"However, when one speaks of a baptized person from a Protestant tradition, for
example, who is preparing for reception into full communion in the Roman tradition, one is
speaking of a different matter. A baptized person should not be led automatically through
the full catechumenal process or be called a catechumen. Instead, we call him or her a
Candidate." By this we mean that this person is a candidate for the Catholic
Sacrament of Confirmation and a candidate preparing to receive Holy Communion in the
Catholic Church and thus become a full member of the Catholic Church.
"Frequently candidates for full communion in the Catholic Church find certain
elements of the catechumenate process helpful in their preparation. For example, the focus
on continuing conversion is appropriate for any Christian, especially at a time of
transition. An understanding of Catholic beliefs, the practice of Catholic observances in
the church year over an appropriate period of time and the experience of Catholic
community are all necessary for an informed commitment that will last." The
differences in the process will be worked out by the candidate in conjunction with the
Catechumenate Director and the parish provided Sponsor.
"Since candidates are already baptized, the liturgical rites that mark the steps of
the formation process are different from those of catechumens. There are rites of
welcoming by the parish community and recognition by the bishop, a celebration of the call
to continuing conversion, and a penitential rite. Reception into full communion in the
Catholic Church takes place with a profession of faith, Confirmation and Eucharist."
By penitential rite we mean that the person examines his or her own life with some
scrutiny to things that s/he has done right and things that s/he knows has been wrongfully
done; these latter things need to be repented of. Sometimes the Sacrament of
Reconciliation is the appropriate means for this person to mark the movement from sin to
grace, from old life to new life before s/he enters into full communion. Sometimes it is a
less formal act of repentance.
How long does it
"The Rite of Christian Initiation is not a program.
It is the church's way of ministering sensitively to those who seek membership. For that
reason some people will need more time than others to prepare for the lifetime commitment
that comes with membership in the Catholic Church. The usual length of preparation is from
one to two years. For those already baptized and who seek full communion in the Catholic
Church, the time may also vary.
It seems reasonable that catechumens or candidates experience the yearly calendar of
Catholic practice at least one time around in order to make an informed decision.
The process of spiritual renewal and catechesis should not be hasty, especially for
those not accustomed to the fasts and feasts and Sundays and seasons the way Catholics
The normal time for the Sacraments of Initiation or the Rite of Reception into full
communion is the Easter Vigil. Lent prepares catechumens, candidates and the whole
community for Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist. The celebration of the Easter Vigil
dramatically points to the wellspring of the Church's life: the death and resurrection of
What is the first step?
Anyone who is seriously thinking about become a Catholic Christian
or who would simply like more information can contact Fr. Daniel Kayajan, CSC.
He can be reached at: (352) 567-2894.